Russian Olive


  • Highly aromatic, silvery-white to yellow flowers in clusters of 4-petals
  • Fruit is yellow to light gray and almost completely covered by dense silver scales
  • Height 10 to 30 feet, taking the form of a large shrub or small tree

Weed Pictures

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Weed Information

ControlHerbicide and bush-type mowing. Contact your County Weed District or local Applicator for more information.
HabitatRiparian areas, lakeshores, fields, roadsides, forest edges and sandy flood plains.
RootExtensive, deep and lateral root system
Leaf ShapeLinear, alternating on stem.
LifespanPerennial; two years or longer.
Priority 3 WeedNot a noxious weed, but a regulated plant; potential for significant negative economic and ecological impacts.
Similar Looking PlantsAutumn olive, silver buffalo-berry, russet buffalo-berry.
Important InformationThis plant out-competes native vegetation and taxes water reserves when established along waterways. It has been used extensively in Montana for shelterbelts. Roots can reach depths of 35 feet or more.